We talk about leadership as a virtuous quality. Leaders are considered special, differentiated from the masses by the ability to bring order and direction in everything from corporate growth to crisis management to the very safety of the community.

Leadership forms a dyad of those who lead and those who are led. For every leader, there must be willing followers – they are two parts of a coherent social relationship that structures and orders different parts of society, whether that is the community at large, or a law firm.

The problem is, there is no agreed concept of just what a leader is. In many cases, a lead...

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