Dr Angus Nurse examines the effect of equality and diversity in litigation and human rights law

Despite the undoubted progress made by the civil rights movements in both the US and UK, and the integration of black citizens within Commonwealth countries, contemporary black and African-American citizens arguably continue to suffer disadvantage.  Evidence consistently suggests black citizens are disproportionately represented in the negative aspects of criminal justice; being more likely to be stopped and searched by policing agencies; to be disproportionately represented in prison populations (see, for example the Lammy Report, 2017) and are believed to receive stiffer sentences for offending compared to their white counterparts.

Reparations litigation has emerged as a means of seeking redress as both legal and soci...

Dr Angus Nurse
Head of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Nottingham Trent University

This article is part of a subscription-based access, to continue reading, please contact your library