The well-known and much-maligned ruling of the Court of Appeal in Three Rivers District Council v The Governor and Company of the Bank of England (No 5) limits claims to legal advice privilege (LAP) by corporates in England and Wales to confidential communications between their lawyers and individual employees authorised to instruct them, defined for those purposes as the ‘client’.

Employees who fall outside of that typically narrow group are treated as third parties, meaning that any records of their communications with lawyers representing the corporate will generally not be protected by LAP.

This approach ...

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