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Judiciary viewed as corrupt in 20 countries

Bribe-paying increased in Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Solomon Islands and Taiwan   

9 July 2013

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By Manju Manglani, Editor (@ManjuManglani)

An average of 30 per cent of the people who have come in contact with their country’s judicial system have been asked to pay a bribe, according to an annual survey.

The Global Corruption Barometer 2013 found that, in 20 countries, the judiciary was viewed as the most corrupt of the institutions created to fight corruption and other crimes.

The research found that 24 per cent of the people who had come in contact with the judiciary had paid a bribe.

Produced by Transparency International, the findings are based on a survey of 114,000 people in 107 countries.

“Governments need to make sure that there are strong, independent and well-resourced institutions to prevent and redress corruption. Too many people are harmed when these core institutions and basic services are undermined by the scourge of corruption,” said Huguette Labelle, chair of Transparency International.

“Bribe paying levels remain very high worldwide, but people believe they have the power to stop corruption and the number of those willing to combat the abuse of power, secret dealings and bribery is significant.”

Reported bribes paid to the judiciary increased by more than 20 per cent in Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Solomon Islands and Taiwan, according to the report. However, bribes paid to the judiciary declined by more than 20 per cent in Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine and South Sudan.

The countries in which the judiciary is perceived to be the most corrupt law enforcement institution are: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Georgia, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Madagascar, Moldova, Peru, Serbia, Slovakia, Tanzania and Ukraine.

Corruption on the rise

The majority of respondents said that corruption has worsened in the past two years and that their governments are not doing enough to combat it.

Fifty-four per cent of respondents said they consider their government to be ineffective at fighting corruption, up from 47 per cent in 2010/11.

The government is considered to be ineffective in addressing corruption in 88 countries; 16 of the 17 G20 countries included in the survey belong to this group.

Only 11 countries were found to be effective in fighting corruption; Turkey is the only G20 country to be included in this grouping.

“Governments need to take this cry against corruption from their citizenry seriously and respond with concrete action to elevate transparency and accountability,” Labelle said. “Strong leadership is needed from the G20 governments in particular.”

 

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